عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Among the ancient theories about aesthetics, the most classified theory is seen in Plato's works. He believes beauty and art are the basis of education. He looks for the real origin of art in this subject, i.e. what all beauties benefit from it. He believes it is difficult to explain the essence of beauty; and if this is done, it will be easy to understand the beauty of human creatures. Analyzing and explaining the reality of beauty, he does not believe it is conformity or harmony, correspondence with the culture of Greece, beneficial or pleasure, rather he believes beauty is an extrasensory and real matter which is the end of the mystical path and all beauties. This eternal beauty is absolute and by-itself and is the idea and origin of beauty, belonging to the world of ideas [or world of symbols]; and depending on how much beautiful things have a share of it, they are beautiful. He also considers love in analyzing beauty; and he believes art is an imitation of imitation.