نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشجوی دکترای دانشگاه ادیان و مذاهب اسلامی قم
2 استادیار دانشگاه تهران، دانشکده معارف و اندیشه اسلامی
عنوان مقاله [English]
The most of Islamic theologians admit immortality of unbelievers the fire of Hell, but there is difference of opinion about sinful Muslim. Some of Islamic theologians admit immortality of sinful Muslim the fire of Hell and some denied them. Kharijites, Mu'tazilites and Zaidis admitted that sinful Muslim is immortality of on fire of Hell, but Ash'arites, Maturidites, Salafism and Imamiyya admitted that sinful Muslim is mortality of on fire of Hell, also Ismaelites admitted that sinful Muslim without Vellayat (Imamat) is immortality of on fire of Hell. The believers of immortality referring to Verse that disobedient of God and Apostle of God are immortality on fire of Hell, and also argue to three rational argument: the abstain of deserving and benevolence on the grave sinner, the abstain of aggregation and benevolence of reward and punishment, and the badness of virtuous's blame. The Verses and rational arguments reject that claimant. These verses applies to unbelievers alone, and don't applies lascivious, as immortality isn't eternal and constant. The believers of immortality's rational argument is wrong; because theirs claim requiring to cancellation. The cancellation is abrogated action, as it contrary to verses and requiring to preponderant without a preponderant. The forgiveness of sinful Muslim's punishment is sign of benevolence and beneficence of God.