نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشیار گروه فلسفه دانشکده الهیات، پردیس فارابی دانشگاه تهران.
2 استادیار گروه فلسفه دین مؤسسه آموزشی و پژوهشی امام خمینی.
3 دانشجوی دکتری فلسفه و کلام اسلامی پردیس فارابی دانشگاه تهران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
According to the anthropic principle, the world, which has an observer, should be in accordance with this observer. This principle is regarded as an explanation for the present order in the world or the primitive condition of the world, thus disregards the explanation of its goal. In addition to the multi-world theory, it is rather sometimes regarded as a challenge for explaining the final goal of the world, even though it does not claim to explain the present order of the world.
This article will present four means to defend the explanation of the final goal against these criticisms and will show that we can defend this explanation on the base of one of the following: criticizing the multi-world theory and paying attention to the explanation of the present order - instead of understanding the order- ; priority of the explanation of the final goal over the multi-world theory in terms of simplicity and comprehensive explanation; considering that it is more probable for an orderly world to belong to a collection of orderly worlds rather than to belong to a collection of accidentally orderly worlds; and paying attention to the order dominant on the mechanism of the realization of different worlds.
Each one of these accounts is prior to its previous account in terms of not being based on a specific cosmological presupposition.