نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
دانشیار گروه فلسفه و کلام دانشگاه حکیم سبزواری.
عنوان مقاله [English]
Agha Ali Modarres Tehrani has a special role in continuing and promoting the principles and approaches of Transcendent wisdom. "Bada'iy al-Hekam" and "Resalat fi al-Tawhid" are two of his weighty and special works in monotheism. The detailed and obvious explanation of monotheism by the words of " Bada'iy al-Hekam" is irreplaceable. Despite all the details, his position on the unity of being” (wahdat al-wūjūd) has been distorted by the article "The theory of personal Unity of Being in the article “Abolhassan Tabatabai Jelveh and Agha Ali Modarres Tehrani” with verbal and spiritual distortion and dissection of phrases. Accusations such as the dualism, the annulment of the status of being, the necessity of the spread of the essence of Necessary, the being contrast of the Necessary and the absolute act, are the results of this article, on the basis of them, has considered Agh Ali as a critic and even a denier of the personal unity of existence the personal unity of being. The story of the alleged critique is a combination of accusations, suspicions, misunderstandings of dissected phrases, and numerous errors in the position of collection and judgment. Citing the Zenoozi's negative position against the false reading from the unity of being is the main issue this paper. The truth-examination of the story of the alleged critique by presenting the text of the philosopher’s expressions clearly shows the absurdity of these claims and shows his firm position, like other scholarly philosophers and mystics, as interpreters of the personal unity of being with a strong statement and argument.