عنوان مقاله [English]
The importance of knowledge about the path of the spiritual wayfaring (sulūk), which will have undeniable functions in practical mysticism, something that the conscious sufi disciple (salek) in his journey towards God needs to know its nature, because in spiritual wayfaring (sulūk), such elements are important: 1- sufi disciple (salek) 2- the place of spiritual wayfaring 3- the spiritual wayfaring to 4- spiritual wayfaring (sulūk) on the other hand, beginning and end the spiritual wayfaring (sulūk) until intuition from the other side. Therefore, one of the fundamental questions of mystical spiritual wayfaring (sulūk) is, first what is the path of spiritual wayfaring (sulūk)? Secondly, what is its extension? In the present article, the answer to the mentioned question was given with a combined method (narrative and rational) and the output and finding of it is that it can be caught and deduced in the revealed teachings and philosophical-gnostic teachings, that is, the path of spiritual wayfaring (sulūk) is the soul of pious sufi disciple (salek). and the knowledge of the soul plays a major role in the occurrence and survival of the spiritual wayfaring (sulūk), and its nature will be innate, poverty, unity and existential. The structure of the article is also in the form of an introduction about the capacity and existential structure of man with the aim of achieving maximum perfection and unstoppable actuality in the arc of ascent, and then have been explained the importance, necessity and key role of the knowledge of the soul and the unity of the path and the multiplicity of ways to should be explained and analyzed sufi disciple’s existential becoming and ascending in the path of spiritual wayfaring (sulūk).
* قرآن کریم.
** نهجالبلاغه؛ ترجمه محمد دشتی، قم: دفتر نشر الهادی، مؤسسه چاپ الهادی، 1379.