عنوان مقاله [English]
The bases of all schools [of thought] affect the type of their response to life's matters including the political life and preferring each base has its own special consequence. Ontological bases have a special position here and accepting each one has its corresponding effect on the manner of answering political questions. Therefore the question is: what are the ontological bases according to the Holy Qur'an and what is the outcome of their acceptance in the management of political life? The most important ontological bases- from the perspective of the Holy Qur'an - seem to be found in the following titles: "the universe being created, the poverty of the system of universe [with respect to God], genetical legality, having an instrumentalistic look at the universe, the continuation of universe after death, the universe being material and super-material"; and the kind of answers Islam presents to political matters which are affected by accepting these Qur'anic bases, are different from the answers of other schools with their special bases. Some of the most important results of accepting these bases are: "meaningfulness of worship and obedience in political life, the conformity of political right and duty with being created, impressionability of the political life from the constant and genetical rules of universe, impressionability of power from the dependence of the universe on God in political legislation, acceptance of intervention of non-material causes in political life, being afterlife-centered in politics, …". This research will use the method of analyzing and interpreting the verses of Holy Qur'an and will use different interpretational sources, especially it will use the Al-Mizan interpretation of Allameh Tabataba'i which is one of the most reliable sources for achieving the correct interpretation of the Holy Qur'an to find the above mentioned ontological bases and their political outcomes.