عنوان مقاله [English]
Mohammad-Hasan Qadrdan Qaramaleki**
There are two views on the initial origin of the Divine action and creation (eternity of God's action and the creation of the world, and denying its eternity and believing the contingency of the Divine action). The author of this article first explains and proves his hypothesis (eternity of the world) considering that the Divine essence is a sufficient cause for its action, invalidating the other theory (contingency of the world after nonexistence) by pointing its two rational inhibitions (irrationality of the idea of contingency of God's activity and the necessity of stopping God's blessing). Then to prove and confirm this theory, he will use different verses of the Holy Qur'an – such as "not having an eternal creation leads to Allah's hand to be tied up" and "incompletion of the Divine words and creatures" and "God's power on eternal creation" – and narrations such as – "the relation between pre-eternity and God's action" and "the relation between pre-eternity and God's creature" - with a new explanation and classification which necessitates the validity of the theory of eternity of God's activity and consequently eternity of creation of the world.