نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
استادیار گروه مبانی نظری اسلام دانشگاه معارف اسلامی
عنوان مقاله [English]
The attribute of will is one of the most difficult and complicated topics in Islamic philosophy and theology which has always been faced with different questions and theories. The most important problem of this topic is that God could not be considered as an agent without will-power on the one hand, and on the other hand, will is inherently contingent and the divine nature is free from happening of any contingent event. For this, the Muslim philosophers have attributed the divine will to knowledge, love and the like. In this regard, the theory of Sheikh Ishraq about God’s will has been studied in this paper. For Sheikh Ishraq, the divine realm is free from will and he put emphasis on this matter in various cases. Among the whole of his materials, four reasons are used on the impossibility of will of God almighty. Among these reasons we can refer to the absolute richness of the self-existence, the innateness of the divine actions, durability of the act of God almighty, and attendance of will with misguided actions. However, Sheikh Ishraq points or stipulates on acceptance of God’s necessary will in some cases that after an accurate analysis it is revealed that with regard to both reason and document, none of them may be agreeable. Therefore, the summary of Sheikh Ishraq’s expressions leads us to the theory of negation of will of God. The most important problem of Sheikh Ishraq’s theory is inattention to the religious texts especially the Quran that attributes the trait of will to God for several times.