نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشیار گروه منطق فهم دین پژوهشگاه فرهنگ و اندیشه اسلامی
2 دانشآموخته کارشناسی ارشد دانشگاه باقرالعلوم .
عنوان مقاله [English]
There are various descriptions and interpretations of the innate belief of God. One of these descriptions is the interpretation of the innate belief as a cordial knowledge which is neither a kind of immediate knowledge or intuitive knowledge nor a kind of acquired knowledge; it is rather a kind of knowledge entrusted by God in human's heart and soul and is his creation. This account has been presented by the followers of the separation approach and has various defects in terms of its basis, content and method such as: suspension of reason in finding the acquired knowledge of God, denial of the immediate knowledge of God and similar problems; and finally it cannot present a criterion for the justification of the innate belief of God. I have tried to present the correct idea in this regard using a descriptive-analytic method in order to have a critical investigation and explanation of this theory. The innate belief of God, according to the correct account, is a cordial belief and a kind of immediate knowledge. Since immediate knowledge is a kind of knowledge which is identical with outside reality, it has no mistakes and is self-justifiable in its justification and proof.