عنوان مقاله [English]
Development and progress in its concrete reality depends on the development of human’s viewpoint and practice. The development of human’s thought and practice arises on the basis of human’s powers, existential areas, movement, understanding and action. Thus, the process of existential and substantial movement in the individual and social domain is the constitutive to the development and progress of human society. From the point of view of the human- ontological foundations and approach of transcendental wisdom, man has existential level of rational, soul, and natural. In both the individual and social dimension of human life, these levels are constitutive to the existential development of human and community. In this paper, considering the levels of the human’s existential powers and how they extend to the individual and social dimensions, three longitudinal and sequential layers of rational and theoretical development, ethical and practical development, and civil and institutional development were identified. An important feature of this view compared to modern and contemporary approaches and views in the history of Western philosophy that can provide an united, comprehensive, process description, resulting from realistic, value, institutional, individual, and social stages of human life, so that do not be challenged in explaining the link between reality and value and the individual and society.