عنوان مقاله [English]
Spiritual or on seen causes and their real examples, the mechanism of their effect, the quality of their interaction with material causes and how to explain it according to the necessary principle of causality, as well as the quality of their compatibility with philosophical rules about causality, are issues that have recently with the epidemic of Covid 19 infectious disease, it has been discussed again in various scientific and even journalistic circles. In this article, some aspects of on seen causes are discussed. The two main questions that this article seeks to answer are: first, what is the definition of secret causes and its characteristics? Second, how are the secret causes compatible with the "philosophical rule of oneness" which has two aspects and the "philosophical rule of the necessity of compatibility and cognation between cause and effect"? From the point of view of this article, secret causes are those causes that cannot be explained materially and empirically and sensibly, and human intellect is incapable of explaining the quality of their effect. These causes can be both during the causes and in the width, and antithetical, as well as effective with independence. In this article, it will also be proved that the flow of spiritual causes, like material causes, is included in the cycle of the necessary principle of causality and is not in contradiction with it. The secret causes, by returning them, as well as what is known as natural causes, to introductory and material causes and disposition (Tashaun); will have no conflict with the above three philosophical rules.
* قرآن کریم.
** نهجالبلاغه؛ صبحی صالح؛ چ1، قم: هجرت، 1414ق.