نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
دانشیار گروه فلسفه پژوهشگاه فرهنگ و اندیشه اسلامی.
عنوان مقاله [English]
Most philosophers believe the relation between Haq (God) and the creation is homogeneity of the present Haq and the creation; i.e. they are both real existents although there are different opinions regarding the criterion of their existences. The peripatetic believe that creatures have simple realities and are completely different while the illuminati believe the creatures are essences and the philosophers of transcendental wisdom believe the creatures are independent or relative existence. The mystics reject any kind of homogeneity between Haq and the creatures, and consider Haq as a real existence and the creation as existence-like or virtual objects; and according to the Holy Qur’an and Islamic tradition, homogeneity between the two is incorrect.
It seems the mystics’ view has rational and narrational reasons and all the three views of philosophers – the school of peripatetics, illuminati, and transcendental wisdom – have plenty of rational criticisms, which make them impossible to admit. Therefore the idea of non-homogeneity of Haq (God) and the creation – which means that Haq is a real existence and is a necessary being by itself but the creatures are by accident and virtual - is approved with rational and narrational reasons and should be accepted.