نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشیار گروه فلسفه دانشگاه زنجان
2 دانش آموخته دکتری فلسفه و کلام اسلامی دانشگاه شهید مدنی آذربایجان
عنوان مقاله [English]
Swinburne, a contemporary philosopher of religion, is a thinker who defends the existence of God against atheists. The question of this article is, "What reading of theism does Swinburne draw?" And is this view of theism a proper view of God? Considering the examination of the problem of evil, and the most challenging attributes of God from Swinburne's point of view, he can be introduced as a moderated classical theist; Because he explains the most important attributes accepted in classical theism with a different interpretation. He denies eternal eternity. It also denies maximal immutability and suggests minimal immutability. Regarding absolute science, he offers a more adjusted reading than the classical view. It seems appropriate to introduce Swinburne's theology as "modified classical theology"; Although according to his analysis of absolute knowledge, he is on the slippery slope towards outspread theism; But his confrontation with the problem of evil is different from the approach of outspread theology. Based on the analysis, it can be said that Swinburne's view of God has many problems. This article examines Swinburne's theism with a descriptive-analytical method.