عنوان مقاله [English]
The issue of human disasters and pains and sufferings in the world has been considered by mystics and their important and innovative views have been presented in this field that have been less studied. Ibn Arabi, as one of the most prominent and influential Muslim mystics, has extensive statements and opinions in this field that deserve to be reported and studied. He has spoken both in the theoretical aspects of this issue and in the practical aspects, which in this article we will deal with the theoretical aspects. The issue discussed in this article is how disaster and suffering in the world are analyzed from an ontological perspective. In this regard, we come across three bases in Ibn Arabi's works: semantics, the truth of disaster and suffering, the philosophy and goals of creation of disaster and suffering. In semantics, he deals with the two concepts of "good and evil" and "disaster". In discussing the truth of disaster, he has proposed two ontological and divinity (cosmological) views, which in general, the truth of disaster and evil, is either referred to as non-existent in the Fixed lords (al- aayan -al- sabetah), or as an existential aspect in the Divine glorious names. Regarding the compatibility of these two views, both views can be reasonably returned to each other. Philosophies and hidden goals in achieving disasters, pains and sufferings are also among the other axes that Ibn Arabi has dealt with in this regard and in this regard he has pointed out the two concepts of divine experiment and sins.