نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
عضو هیئت علمی
عنوان مقاله [English]
Art is less considered by Islamic tradition except the cases it is mentioned in jurisprudential tradition. There is no discussion of the essence and definition of art in philosophy. Philosophy of art, as is discussed in the West's philosophy especially after the eighteenth century, is not discussed in Muslim's philosophical, mystical and theosophical books at all. Art is mentioned only in a few cases in mystical books following the discussions of 'fotovvat nameh' [generosity] and light. Yet beauty is elaborately discussed in these books. Following the discussion of existence, most mystics have mentioned the discussion of beauty. After discussing the beauty of God, some mystics have discussed sensuous beauty and have described expressions such as beauty, prettiness, goodness, cuteness, ….
Therefore beauty and art should be investigated in Islamic tradition with a different and new method, without considering West's philosophy as a measure for Islamic philosophy. Non-sensual aesthetics is seen in Islamic tradition and it is not correct to impose the texts of the West on the texts of Islamic tradition to find the Islamic philosophy of art. It is not helpful to find common words between the two to find a philosophical system according to the West's philosophy for an art developed in the context of Islamic culture and civilization.