نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
عضو هیئت علمی گروه فلسفه و کلام دانشگاه اصفهان
عنوان مقاله [English]
One of the most important currents of Renaissance was epistemological skepticism arising from the scientific- experimental progress and the emergence of conflicting opinions in the field of theology and consequently skepticism of theism. Certainly, Descartes is the first thinker hoping to discover the truth, has presented a new philosophical field in response to this skepticism and though the midst of philosophical issues, he has paid his most attention to the issue of God and the soul.
In this area, the “innate” and “innate theology” (inherent God-Knowing), because, conformity to religious teachings, are specifically important and worthy of research. The proof of nature in the works of Descartes has been proposed as proof of "Trade Mark", based on the concept of "absolute perfection" – God- in the human mind. This article tries to examine the meaning of innate and innate concepts, Explain the position of “innate” in Descartes's theology and pay to its relationship with the famous argument of innate in Islamic thought..