نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 گروه فلسفه و کلام اسلامی، دانشکده الهیات، دانشگاه قم
2 دانشجوی دکتری فلسفه و کلام دانشگاه قم، قم
عنوان مقاله [English]
The present article intends to present a new and unprecedented argument to prove monotheism by reflecting on the existential relationship between two correlative (motazayef) matters and how they are originated and evolved in the outside world. For this purpose, I first quote and critique two exclusive theories in this regard, namely the theory of Fakhr-e Razi and the theory of Khajeh Nasir, and then, in the light of the rationality of the Infallibles’ narrations, I present a third theory that includes a new and innovative argument in proving monotheism. Thus I first argue that the external existence of two correlative matters always requires a circular reasoning, but the realization of a circular reasoning entails impossibility only if it is the result of a subjectivity of the type "making something from something", but if it is the result of a subjectivity of the type "making something not from a thing", it will not entail any impossibility. Thus I will conclude that the mere external existence of correlative matters implies a subjective existence; an agent who is the creator not from a thing. Then I will show, using four implication eliminations, that whoever is a creator not from a thing, will be the one who has no second.