نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
مدرس دانشگاه و عضو هیئت علمی دبیرخانه شورای عالی انقلاب فرهنگی
عنوان مقاله [English]
Before asking the question of how the society is originated and survived, first the real existence of society should be proved by philosophical reasons because philosophy is the science which is responsible of answering the questions on the existence and essence of events. The Sadra'ian principle of the "unity of the knower and the known" provides the background for a demonstrable proof for the real existence of the society and on this basis 'culture' or 'the semantic system reduced to the life world of a group of humans', as the soul and spirit of the society, can be explained. After proving the real existence of the society, the howness of its origination and survival can be discussed. Martyred Motahhari is one of the contemporary theologians whose theories imply the corporeal origination and cultural survival of the society; in other words its birth and formation starts with economical institutions; yet this interpretation may be blemished by philosophical and historical reasons.
Relying on the principle of the "corporeal origination of science and perception", the correct meaning of the corporeal origination of societies and their cultural survival can be explained and then the background for philosophical studies on subjects such as the effects of "corporeal natures and body structures", "geographical characteristics and regions" and etc. on the social-cultural life will be provided.
There are many discussions on the mentioned topics posed by various theoretical schools in contemporary culture-research writings titled as "cultural geography", "sociobiology", "cultural studies of body", and… and it is necessary to review these topics from the perspective of theosophical (hekami)-religious sources as well.