نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 استادیار گروه شیعه شناسی و معارف اسلامی پردیس فارابی دانشگاه تهران
2 دانشجوی دکتری مدرسی معارف اسلامی گرایش مبانی نظری اسلام، پردیس فارابی دانشگاه تهران (نویسنده مسئول).
عنوان مقاله [English]
One of the most important evidences of the atheists on the incompatibility of the system of the theist's beliefs throughout the history is the problem of evil. According to the special description of this problem presented by William Rowe – one of the contemporary atheists – there are some evils in this world which cannot be justified or explained by the reasons the believers present to explain them. Rowe improved his argument – after receiving some answers and critics – throughout a couple of decades and in his last description of this problem, he tried to strengthen his reasoning by explaining and updating its premises and presenting two examples and thus answer the questions of theists in advance. Explaining the last view of Rowe in this regard, the answers of Western scholars and also Muslim philosophers and writers who have reasoned against Rowe's reasoning or what can be said to answer him, are investigated and I will show that the collection of those cases can be as a response to Rowe who claimed the evidences of theists in the problem of evil is not justifiable; although they should be updated according to the new presentation of the matter of evil and an answer which is suitable with the new questions and examples should be presented.
* قرآن کریم.