نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
استادیار گروه معارف اسلامی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران جنوب
عنوان مقاله [English]
In ancient Greece, Socrates as Imam of philosophers called himself a philosopher. His goal of rationality was to find the truth and guide the behavior. Aristotle saw the goal of wisdom as pure knowledge and considered it superior to practical wisdom. With the rise of Islam and the emergence of wisdom in the Qur'an, Especially in the era of the translation movement due to the influence of Aristotelian philosophy on Muslim philosophers, this question arose: What is the difference between Qur'anic wisdom and Aristotelian philosophy? Is the practical wisdom of the Qur'an similar to Aristotelian philosophy is inferior? Our hypothesis in this study is the fundamental difference between the two. Therefore, the comparative study revealed that the following are distinct from each other: Qur'anic and philosophical wisdom in the sense of the word and its teachings of wisdom; the problems and goals of wisdom, The trainer and trained of wisdom, the variety of presentations and the ways of acquiring wisdom, the audience of wisdom, and so on are different. It also turned out, although the practical wisdom of the Qur'an is interior in terms relation to credit matters, but in terms insightfulness and gainfulness of theoretical wisdom, the practical wisdom is its criterion, and isn't inferior.