نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
استادیار گروه ادیان و عرفان دانشگاه سمنان.
عنوان مقاله [English]
Today, religious naturalism is one of the prominent approaches in contemporary philosophical theology, from which various readings have been presented. The religious naturalism based on dynamic theology, which is rooted in Whitehead's dynamic philosophy and is a prominent representative of Anne Griffin, has a very important position, because she tries to overcome maximal naturalism on the other hand, and overcoming religious supernaturalism, on the other hand, will introduce a new plan that is compatible with the conditions of the postmodern world. This article aims to firstly show how Griffin arrived at this theological plan or model. Secondly, to clarify the most important characteristics of this theological approach in comparison with religious supernaturalism and maximal naturalism. Thirdly, with a critical view, show that although this approach has been successful in terms of compatibility with postmodern science, it faces challenges such as neglecting essentially religious teachings, especially revelation and scriptures, inconsistency in understanding the existence of God in terms of Presence of supernatural elements, and conflict with moderate or critical rationality. In addition to these, compared to the model derived from Sadra's philosophy, it cannot provide a convincing explanation of the relationship between God and the world and God's agency that will gain general acceptance.